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The WTO Agreement on evaluation

The Agreement establishes a system of customs valuation system that primarily bases the Customs value on the transaction value of imported goods, namely, the price actually paid or payable for merchandise when sold for export destination country of importation, with certain adjustments.

When the customs value can be determined using the transaction value is determined using one of the following methods:

  • Transaction value of identical goods
  • Transaction value of similar goods
  • Deductive Value Method
  • Method of the calculated
  • Method of last resort.

    The assessment methods listed above, must be used in the order they are listed in the Agreement. Benefits of implementation of the Agreement

    The Agreement is intended to provide a system of customs valuation of imported goods that are unique, fair, consistent, neutral, conforming to commercial realities and values precludes the use of arbitrary or fictitious customs. By defining the customs value positively, the Agreement establishes the principle that it should, wherever possible, be based on the actual price of the goods being valued.

    Customs valuation of goods

    The majority of trade is currently valued on the basis of the transaction value method. The Agreement provides businesses with methods more predictable, stable and transparent, to facilitate international trade while ensuring compliance with laws and regulations.

    Role of the WCO

    The Strategic Plan of the WCO includes two objectives in the priority area that is the implementation of the WTO Agreement on the assessment by its members. These two objectives are:

  • Assist member countries to least developed and developing member countries to fully implement the WTO agreement on assessment
  • Encourage members to interpret and implement the Agreement on the evaluation of uniform, predictable and transparent. Technical Committee on Customs Valuation The WTO Agreement on evaluation entrusts the care of the MDGs manage this instrument through its Technical Committee on Customs Valuation. The Technical Committee, which meets twice a year, is responsible for ensuring the uniform interpretation and application of the Agreement on the technical level. The Technical Committee maintains close working relations with the WTO Committee on Customs Valuation which manages aspects of the Agreement relating to trade policy. The Technical Committee's main responsibilities:
  • To examine specific technical problems arising from the daily management of systems of valuation applied by Members and to provide advisory opinions providing appropriate solutions in view of the facts presented. These decisions are published as Advisory Opinions, Commentaries, Case Studies, Studies, etc.., In the Collection of the WCO Customs Valuation
  • Provide, at the request of members, information and advice on issues related to valuation of imported goods
  • Study the laws, procedures and practices in assessment relating to the Agreement
  • Provide technical assistance to members to enhance acceptance and understanding of the Agreement at the international level. Responsibilities of the Sub-Directorate of value, Directorate of Tariff and Trade Affairs Sub-Branch The value consists of a Deputy Director and six Directors and Technical Attaché, his main responsibilities are:
  • Provide services to the Technical Committee on Customs Valuation (organization of meetings, preparation of working papers, reports, etc.).
  • Provide technical assistance to Members (training courses, workshops, seminars, expert missions and meetings with topic)
  • Provide Member Customs administrations, at their request, technical advice concerning specific evaluation questions
  • Develop specific projects under the mandate entrusted to it by the Agreement and the MDGs. Relations between Customs and enterprises The Agreement is a positive step towards the liberalization of international trade. It aims to strengthen cooperation and mutual trust between commercial and customs, which is why it states the respective rights of the Customs and enterprises and their mutual obligations. As with all aspects of customs controls, facilitation and law enforcement must go hand in hand with the implementation of the Agreement. Corporate interests would be ill served by systems failed and partnerships that can not be honored. Effective communication with stakeholders is therefore essential to optimize, in terms of efficiency and neutrality, the management of WTO instruments dealing with the assessment. At the international level, the WCO has established with the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) close cooperative relations in the long term in the field of customs valuation. CCI participates in meetings of the Technical Committee as an observer since 1979 and has had the opportunity to explain specific aspects of business practices and provide advice and guidance on technical matters. This educational approach has enabled Members to learn about current business practices and led both sides to exchange views frankly. In May 2000, the WCO and ICC have issued a joint statement to promote the implementation of the Agreement of the WTO Valuation

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